Yes, it’s possible to preserve and strengthen your bones through exercise and a healthy diet. But accidents, genetics, and disease, such as osteoporosis, can work against even the best of healthy habits. That’s why our experts at Midwest Orthopedic Specialty Hospital want you to understand the risk factors and steps to prevent osteoporosis.
Risk Factors for Osteoporosis
Although osteoporosis can affect any bone in your body, the most common include the hip, spine, and wrist. Women, especially those over the age of 50, are also more likely to develop the disease.
Other risk factors that may increase your chances of developing osteoporosis include:
- Having small bones
- Not exercising or lacking physical activity
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Having a diet low in calcium and vitamin D
- Previous fracture, especially after age 50
- Being postmenopausal
- Taking certain medicines, for example, long-term use of corticosteroids
- A family history of osteoporosis
Ways to Diagnose & Prevent Osteoporosis
You’re most likely unaware if you have osteoporosis or not. If you break a hip or wrist, experience low back pain, or develop advanced symptoms, your orthopedic doctor may request a simple, painless bone density test.
To help prevent you from developing osteoporosis, it’s recommended that you:
- Talk to your doctor about screening tests, diet and vitamins/supplements.
- Do regular weight-bearing exercises such as walking, jogging, stair-climbing, and hiking.
- Don’t smoke.
- Don’t drink alcohol in excess.
Have questions about your bone health and osteoporosis? Take the next step by talking with one of our orthopedic experts.